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planting weed seeds directly in soil

Probably one of the most common methods of germination. The kitchen towel method comes in several iterations. Some growers use cotton wool pads or absorbent pieces of paper. For this guide, we will be using kitchen towel as it is readily available and holds moisture relatively well.

Two or three weeks after germination, your young seedlings should be ready for their new home. At this point you have two options; transplanting them into soil pots, or taking on the challenge of hydroponics. You’ll know when the seedlings are ready to be moved because the root system should start to poke out of the bottom of the wool blocks. As long as the roots haven’t begun to engulf the bottom half of the wool block, they will seek out water and nutrients in their new surroundings and continue to grow downwards.

There is, of course, a far simpler way to germinate seeds. Ideal for beginners, the feminized starter kit by Royal Queen Seeds has everything you need to kick-start your next cannabis project.

CHOOSING YOUR GERMINATION METHOD

Regardless of where you get your seeds from, it is best to give them a slight (and delicate) inspection before planting. Most of the time, all seeds will germinate; however, poor-quality seeds will produce a weaker plant. Unfortunately, that is something you will not find out until well into the vegetative and flowering stages.

To avoid disappointment, seeds that have a darker colouration stand a better chance of germinating, while pale green or white seeds are likely to fail. Even if dark seeds look slightly damaged, they should be planted anyway. There is a good chance they will still germinate, even if the outer shell is somewhat crushed.

Place one sheet of damp kitchen towel on a flat surface. Space your seeds a few centimetres apart before placing the second piece of kitchen towel over the top. You need to ensure both pieces are damp, not wet. Once again, when the white root tips reach 2–3mm, move the seeds (carefully) to soil pots. Use the same guidance found above for planting techniques.

Arguably one of the least effective methods, but it is still viable. Incredibly simple to facilitate, beginner growers may opt to germinate their seeds in a glass of water. Half-fill a glass or bowl with water that is approximately 22°C (71°F).

Read here which 8 steps you have to take for this soil germination method.

Prepare your pots with clean fresh soil. It is often easy to use small pots for this, and transport them to a larger container later.

Step 1: Prepare your soil

Place your setup in a room with stable temperature. 20-25 degrees is ideal. We often advice your living room

All you have to do now is wait. In our experience it often takes about 4-5 days for your seedlings to show. But to calculate for differences in conditions and seeds, we say 3-10 days is a safe estimate. As soon as your seedling has sprouted (first leaves reach the surface) you can remove the foil.

All 5 seeds germinated in 4 days within 24 hours of each other. You can now place them under a grow light, behind your window or outside (during spring / summer of course).

It is good to have soil that has a pH of about 7.0 for growing and this will help the seed grow faster than soils that are more acidic or alkaline. A good rule of thumb: if the surface of the soil is dry and you place your finger about an inch into the soil that is dry also then it is time to add more water.

Always be very delicate with germinated cannabis seeds and small seedlings. A common problem that is encountered when growing with Rockwool; it is harder for seeds to sprout through the growing medium.

This will help assist the cannabis seed in germinating by keeping the soil nice and warm. The optimal growing medium conditions for cannabis seeds to germinate in the soil are between 78 – 80° F (25 – 27° C).

While the optimal air temperatures to germinate cannabis seeds is 72 – 74°F (22 – 23° C). Though cannabis stems will continue to stretch between internodes if the temperatures exceed 85° F (29° C) for long.

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