Planting directly into the ground or a raised bed requires a bit more preparation, but has its benefits as well. Without a container to restrict growth, roots can grow deep and thick to support a strong plant. The added surface area also allows the plant to access a greater quantity of nutrients and water in the soil, compared with a container garden. The major downside is that the plants cannot be moved and could require additional structures to protect them in the case of extreme weather.
The three primary nutrients that are required for cultivating marijuana are: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
Some cannabis genetics have adapted to specific climates and are capable of growing more easily in certain conditions than others, so cultivators pay very close attention to the cultivars, more commonly referred to as strains, that they choose. A little research will go a long way in ensuring you have a successful harvest. While cultivars may vary, there are some general rules of thumb that will be useful no matter which cultivar you choose.
Deciding whether to start with seeds or clones will change the timing and manner by which your plants are introduced to the outdoors.
Cannabis has been cultivated outdoors for thousands of years, but before you go putting a seedling into the soil, it’s best to know how the process works and under what conditions outdoor growth is most successful.
Quality soil is crucial to the success of your crop and one of the few factors that you have control of when outdoors.
Pests and wild plants are an inevitable occurrence when cultivating outdoors. Most issues can be avoided with proper planning. Clearing a buffer area around you plants can go a long way, but your first line of defense is a healthy plant that can defend itself naturally.
It’s crucial to have a good understanding of the climate in the area you’re going to grow. Cannabis is highly adaptable to various conditions, but it is susceptible in extreme weather.
We recommend these organic fertilizers:
Choosing the best outdoor cannabis grow site
We also advise against using nutrients designed for indoor weed growing—they are generally composed of synthetic mineral salts and can damage soil bacteria.
There are also commercially available soil blends that already contain the proper mix of these types of ingredients.
While shopping for soil, you might be overwhelmed by the options available at your local garden store. The soil type is the basic structure of your soil. From there, look at nutrients, microorganisms, and other amendments that improve the soil. Your choices will be flooded with words like:
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