Before you can be met with bountiful hauls of dank buds, there are several stages of cannabis growing that take precedence. Unless you can successfully germinate cannabis seeds, you won’t have a plant to harvest. Give your seeds the best possible start in life by reading our definitive guide to germination.
Before we jump straight into the germination methods, there are a couple of germination golden rules. For the best results, we recommend staying within these guidelines, no matter how you choose to germinate. That being said, of all the factors to consider, temperature is one of the most critical. Seeds will always seek out even the smallest amount of moisture, but they use temperature as a sign that they need to do so.
THE ART OF GERMINATING CANNABIS SEEDS
Small, fragile, and in desperate need of a helping hand, there are several ways you can germinate your cannabis seeds. All methods have varying degrees of success, with both advantages and disadvantages. It is important to note that even with advanced growing expertise and top-of-the-line equipment, you may still end up with a few failed seeds. This is a natural part of dealing with a living organism. At Royal Queen seeds, we only sell feminized cannabis seeds, so there is no need to worry about removing male plants.
You will need to invest in a few pieces of unique equipment, but by using stone wool blocks, you can create a perfect utopia for germinating cannabis seeds. Soak the stone wool blocks in the same way you would a soil medium. The wool will retain the moisture and prevent the need to water during the early stages of germination. After the wool blocks are soaked, stick them in a plastic tray that also has a lid. Large cake tubs are ideal.
Two or three weeks after germination, your young seedlings should be ready for their new home. At this point you have two options; transplanting them into soil pots, or taking on the challenge of hydroponics. You’ll know when the seedlings are ready to be moved because the root system should start to poke out of the bottom of the wool blocks. As long as the roots haven’t begun to engulf the bottom half of the wool block, they will seek out water and nutrients in their new surroundings and continue to grow downwards.
Peat pellets, starter cubes, and seedling plugs are easy to use, which is beneficial for beginners. You do not have to worry about spending time for preparation. Another advantage is that you can transport the cubes with ease, especially if you use a tray.
One benefit of the paper towel method is that you can leave sprouted seeds in the towel for a while longer. It allows other seeds to catch up, and you can plant them all at once. Otherwise, you can plant the germinated ones as soon as the taproot appears.
Growers will find that different methods work best for them. When it comes down to it, germinating cannabis seeds in water is the best way to go about it. You can get the taproot to emerge in hard and older seeds. Overall, putting water into a glass is cost-effective compared to buying starter cubes.
Wet Paper Towels (recommended)
At first, the seeds will float, but they will sink to the bottom after a few hours. Carefully push them down if they are still floating. You can leave the cup in a kitchen cabinet or dark area. Keep the glass there overnight or for 18 to 36 hours. Try not to leave them soaking for more than 36 hours. If there are any seeds that have not finished germinating, leave them in a moist place until they sprout.
Place the seed inside the hole and cover it up. Then, you can add some water. The packaging should have instructions on how much water to add. The weed seeds can take anywhere from two to five days to finish germinating.
One benefit of the soil method is that transferring the seedling to a bigger pot is simple. The cannabis is less likely to become stressed and can adapt to the new environment quickly. A disadvantage would be needing to buy clean soil rather than using some from outside. Pathogens in the dirt can damage the young seedling. Soil density can be an issue with air flow, and growers need to be careful about the seed placement.
The paper towel can dry out, so put a bowl or another plate on top to trap the moisture. Alternatively, you can spray the towel every five hours to keep it wet. The process can last one to four days, so check periodically to see if the taproot appeared. If you have older seeds in the paper towel, you may end up waiting longer. Afterward, you can place the young seedling into a growing medium.
This tends to work best if you leave the seeds in the water for about 1 day. This method is usually pretty quick with germination, and can jump start the process, often only taking a single day for germination.
Generally speaking, with the right temperatures and the right amount of moisture, a marijuana seed will take between 2 to 5 days to fully germinate. What you need to know here is that you do need to apply a fair amount of water to get this process started.
The soil should have a pH level of roughly 6.0. Good potting soil can allow your seed to germinate and even provide it with enough nutrients for roughly the first 2 weeks of growth.
IMPORTANT: Wait For 4 MM Before Moving To Soil
Moreover, the temperature for weed seed germination needs to remain at a steady 20 to 22 degrees Celsius, or about 68 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit.
Take some normal tap water and fill up a glass, making sure to maintain a steady 18 degrees Celsius, and keep replacing the water every day. The seeds should sprout and the seeds need to be transferred to soil before the roots are longer than 5 mm.
Here, most people will choose to place the paper towel in a plastic and sealable bag. Don’t worry, there will be enough air in there for a few days. The good part about this is that you can keep an eye on the process. Yes, you can open up the bag, unfold the paper towels, and check to see if the germination process has started.
However, if nothing has happened in the first 3 days, chances are that the method has failed you, and the seeds may have drowned.