The main stem, or stalk, of a cannabis plant grows straight up from the root system and supports all lateral branches. The stem gives a plant structure and stability.
Male cannabis plants grow pollen sacs instead of buds. Male plants are usually discarded because you don’t want them to pollinate the females, which will produce seeds—no one wants to smoke buds with seeds in it.
There are two types of hermaphrodite plants:
The roots grow down from the main stalk of the plant into the soil. When growing from a seed, the main root is called the “taproot.” Roots are the lifelines of a cannabis plant, pulling water and oxygen into the plant so it can grow healthy and strong.
Often, growers will top, or cut off, the stem after about five nodes, which forces the plant to grow out laterally more, creating more bud sites.
In the flowering phase, upward and outward growth slows considerably and may appear to cease completely as Cannabis Indica directs the bulk of its energy to growing reproductive parts – male flowers which distribute pollen, or female flowers which produce the majority of cannabinoids and are meant to receive pollen and produce seeds. If male plants are eliminated early in the flowering phase, female plants are prevented from making seeds and their cannabinoid-rich flowers (also referred to as buds, tops or colas) may be harvested for recreational and medicinal use.
French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, the first European botanist to classify this type in 1785, received his samples from India and dubbed the plant Cannabis Indica in recognition of that fact.
Vegetation occurs when the plant experiences long days and short nights, known as the long photoperiod. When growing, Cannabis Indica devotes its energy to increasing in size and stature. As days become shorter and nights longer (the short photoperiod), the plant receives the signal that autumn is approaching and its flowering phase is triggered.
Growth and flowering cycle of Cannabis Indica
The life cycle of Cannabis Indica, like the rest of the Cannabis genus, is divided into two distinct phases – vegetation and flowering – which are reactions to different day-lengths (photoperiods). Vegetation is also sometimes referred to simply as the growth, or growing, period, although the plant continues to grow in size and mass throughout the flowering period as well.
Most Indicas are a rich source of the cannabinoids THC, CBD and CBN. While Cannabis Sativa often produces a higher proportion of THC compared to its other cannabinoids, Cannabis Indica often contains significant levels of all three. Indicas tend to produce more body-centred effects than Sativas – enhancement of physical sensations, relaxation, dry mouth, red eyes. These effects are often grouped together under the term ‘stoned’, as opposed to the ‘high’ imparted by Sativas. This is not to say that Indicas have no psychoactive effect, just that they are more renowned for their noticeable effects on the body.
Indica strains tend to produce more side-branches and denser overall growth than Sativas, resulting in wider, bushier plants. Indica flowers form in thick clusters around the nodes of the female plant (the points at which pairs of leaves grow from the stem and branches). They usually weigh more than Sativa flowers of similar size, as they are more solid.
The typical example of Cannabis Indica is a more compact, thick-stemmed bush than its cousins, usually reaching a height of less than two metres. The foliage is generally a dark shade of green, some examples appearing to have almost blue or green-black leaves. These leaves are composed of short, wide blades.
Tim Alchimia 2018-12-10
Hi Derek, thanks for your question. To make seeds you’ll have to use the pollen from the male flowers to pollinate a female cannabis plant. The best time to do it is around 3-4 weeks into flowering, depending on the variety this will allow 4-5 weeks for the seeds to mature fully. If it’s an early finishing variety then you’ll need to either pollinate earlier on in the flower period, or allow the plant to mature long past its normal maturity point. For seeds to be valid it’s important that they have enough time to fully ripen and become dark coloured with “Tiger stripes” rather than be a pale, greenish colour. I hope that clears up any confusion, feel free to ask any further questions on the subject. Happy pollinating!
Marijuana (cannabis sativa sp.) is a dioecious or unisexual plant, what means that it produces male and female flowers in different individuals, although we can find both types of flowers in hermaphrodite plants. We call males those plants that produce male flowers, and females those producing female flowers.
Early flowering of a female cannabis plant
When and how to move marijuana plants outdoors
If we can’t sex our plants with this technique, we can take a cutting from each of our marijuana plants and flower it in a growing tent – 12 hours of light/darkness photoperiod – what will force it to flower and show its sex, that will be exactly the same as its mother plant.
I have a beautiful plant that is flowering and am almost positive it’s a female but today while I was looking my plant over I found what I thought was the beginning of a seed pod? My plant looks exactly like the one on this page where it says sexing your plants from cuttings . it is outside and this is my first rodeo so my question is. Is it possible that it’s both sexes and what should I do!? Also I have another one 5 foot away from is it possible to stop from being pollinated?
Can someone please tell me if this is make or female. I mean at first glance it looks male but I don’t know. Should I keep it growing to find out or chop it right now. Thanks Ps.. I couldn’t post a pic .
? have you heard of the term water pod , how does it happen.