The life of a cannabis plant begins in the germination stage. It finally starts to sprout after a period of being dormant. Even a seed that is a few years old can become a thriving plant. Growers need to provide special care when trying to germinate weed seeds – like they do with any growing plant.
At first, the seeds will float, but they will sink to the bottom after a few hours. Carefully push them down if they are still floating. You can leave the cup in a kitchen cabinet or dark area. Keep the glass there overnight or for 18 to 36 hours. Try not to leave them soaking for more than 36 hours. If there are any seeds that have not finished germinating, leave them in a moist place until they sprout.
Basic Rules for Germinating Weed Seeds
A disadvantage of soaking the seeds in a cup is that too much water can be damaging. The excess amount can rot the newly emerged root. Those that have not sprouted yet will drown if left soaking for too long.
Soaking cannabis seeds in water is more advantageous for the ones with a harder shell. Older seeds can benefit from the method as well. The water helps wake them up, in a sense. Another benefit is that it is not as costly. All you need is a clean glass cup and some distilled water.
While cannabis seeds primarily need to remain moist, you can soak them in water overnight. All you need is a glass cup. Fill it with three-quarters of a cup of water that is filtered or pH neutral. Make sure the temperature is neither cold nor warm. The ideal temperature is lukewarm.
As mentioned above, you can skip the processing of sexing weed plants by growing with feminized seeds or clones.
Once you see the taproot, it’s time to transfer your germinated seed into its growing medium, such as soil.
If you’re ready for a more serious approach, make sure you have the space for a proper garden and pop the seeds to see what fruit they bear.
Transplanting germinated cannabis seeds
It’s important to keep the delicate seed sterile, so don’t touch the seed or taproot as it begins to split.
Ask yourself a few questions to decide if it’s worth the time and energy to grow the seed.
Most experienced or commercial growers will not use feminized seeds because they only contain one set of genes, and these should never be used for breeding purposes. However, a lot of beginning growers start with feminized seeds because they eliminate the worry of having to deal with male plants.
Make sure the area the seeds are in is warm, somewhere between 70-85°F.
Once the right conditions occur, the taproot starts burrowing through the shell of the seed.
You can purchase a readymade version online. Alternatively, attempt a DIY station by placing a plastic dome over a plate that you then add to a heating pad. Professionally made stations are relatively inexpensive and work rather well. You can buy one for under $40, and their plastic tops ensure better humidity control. With top brands, all you have to do is choose your growing media and plugs to start growing.
Be careful not to over-soak your seeds. Hard seeds should be soaked for a maximum of 32 hours, although 24 hours is usually enough. Soaking too long can damage them. Marijuana seeds begin to sprout when they receive the twin signals of water and heat.
Your seedling should instantly adjust to the new environment and grow. When using this method, dig a hole 0.5” – 1” deep in soil that is moist but not saturated. Keep things warm with a heating pad or lighting.
The main downside with this germination method is that such plugs are generally available in packs of 50. Waste is inevitable if you only plan on planting a few cannabis seeds. The plugs dry out in a week or so and become unusable.