First of all, pet parents love their pets very much, and that's the spirit of our company! There is a bond formed that is special, and many pets are like a part of the family. Liver disease is a concern that some pet parents have about their dogs. It is essential to understand as much about liver disease as possible, a Many dogs will experience liver issues during their lifetime. Liver problems are common in dogs so every pet owner should be aware of and understand the symptoms of liver failure. Being cognizant of this will prevent potential liver issues down the road. Recently, CBD oil has become very popular. Many dog owners are s What a Dog's Liver Does Where is A Dog's Liver Located Liver Problems in Dogs What is Liver Damage in Dogs? What is Liver Disease and Chronic Liver Disease in Dogs? What Causes Canine Liver Disease and Damage? What is Liver Failure? Stages of Liver Failure in Dogs How to Know Your Dog has Liver Damage or Liver Disease?
Liver Disease in Dogs: What Pet Parents Need to Know
First of all, pet parents love their pets very much, and that’s the spirit of our company! There is a bond formed that is special, and many pets are like a part of the family. Liver disease is a concern that some pet parents have about their dogs. It is essential to understand as much about liver disease as possible, and that is why we have compiled as much information as we can for you to have as much knowledge as possible in your quest for more information about liver disease in dogs.
The term liver disease is the catch-all description of a liver problem that is progressive and chronic.
Liver Disease in Dogs: What Is It?
The term liver disease is the catch-all description of a liver problem that is progressive and chronic.
A dog’s liver works similarly to a human’s liver. It plays an imperative role in our pet’s bodies just as it does in ours.
- It breaks down and metabolizes carbs, fats, and more
- It stores minerals, triglycerides, and glycogen
- It creates bile for essential breakdown of foods and other things ingested
Bile Duct Functioning
The bile duct is what transports the bile that the liver produces into the small intestine. After the bile has entered the small intestine, it will then start to break down fats and fat-soluble vitamins and minerals that are essential for the body. The bile duct has a very important function in the body of a pet.
Liver disease in dogs can be caused by a number of liver problems, such as liver cancer, infections of the liver, toxins, poisons, medications, Cysts of the liver, endocrine system diseases, Glycogen diseases, Idiopathic liver fibrosis, hepatic amyloidosis
What Kinds of Liver Problems In Dogs Cause Liver Disease?
Liver problems in dogs that can cause liver disease can be very confusing for pet parents. Obviously, we don’t know everything about medical care for our dog. Thankfully, veterinarians are trained to know everything about pets and their health and pet parents can rely on them for answers and treatment. However, pet parents want to understand the health issues of their pets.
- Liver cancer
- Infections of the liver
- Toxins, poisons, and medications
- Endocrine system diseases
- Glycogen diseases
- Idiopathic liver fibrosis
- Hepatic amyloidosis
Also, there are gallbladder diseases and conditions that can affect the liver. This is because the gallbladder and the liver work in connection with each other. They work together to process the bile that is required to break down fats and fat-soluble vitamins and minerals. So, if your pet has a gallbladder condition, it will be important to keep an eye on them for possible liver problems. It will be vital to notify the veterinarian of any issues that you notice so that it can be noted in your dog’s medical records. Dogs with a history of gallstones should be monitored very closely.
Symptoms and signs of dog liver disease include, vomiting, Depression, Lethargy, Polyuria, Anorexia, Polydypsia, and Weakness
What Causes Liver Disease in Dogs?
Liver disease can happen to any breed of dog and at any age. It merely happens sometimes, and it usually cannot be predicted.
There are some liver conditions or other health problems that can cause liver disease in dogs to occur.
- Hepatic lipidosis (commonly known as fatty liver disease)
- Hepacutaneous syndrome (is a rare condition that usually accompanies diabetes)
- Cushing’s Disease
These are some of the most common liver conditions that are diagnosed as liver disease in dogs as they progress. Your veterinarian will keep a close eye on any dogs that have these conditions.
Senior Dogs and Liver Disease: Signs and Symptoms
Although dogs can develop liver disease at any age, older dogs are at a higher risk of developing some of the dog liver disease issues that are seen. This is simply due to the process of aging that both humans and our furry friends have to go through.
- Excessive lethargy
It is important to pay attention to the health of senior pets as much as possible. The aging process makes them at risk for health problems. Pet parents that notice some or all of the symptoms above should take their furry friend to the veterinarian as soon as possible. They will need to be evaluated by your trusted vet. It may be wise to get them in for an emergency visit at a veterinary clinic if you cannot reach your regular vet.
Some of the following issues can also be signs of impending liver failure in dogs, like Jaundice Seizures, Bleeding, and smaller than average stature
Other Health Signs Of Liver Disease in Dogs
There are some other health issues and signs that could point to your dog potentially having liver disease.
- Jaundice (yellowing skin and in the whites of the eyes)
- Seizures (associated with hepatic encephalopathy)
- Bleeding (often associated in dogs with cirrhosis and cholestasis)
- Smaller than average stature (dogs with liver shunts often have this)
There are things you can do to lower the risks of liver disease like keeping toxic chemicals, drugs, and plants out of your pet’s reach, get infectious diseases treated right away to prevent liver damage, feed your dog high-quality foods and treats, get your dog annual veterinary exams, and ask for blood testing at yearly or semi-annual examinations
Are There Things I Can Do To Prevent Or Slow Down Liver Disease?
Pet parents need to remember that most liver disease in dogs is often not due to anything that they have done. It is a consequence of aging, hereditary issues, genetic conditions, and other factors that often cannot be controlled. Preventing liver disease, in most cases, is not possible. However, there are some things that you can do to lower the possibility that your dog will get liver disease. It can also help with reducing the chance of liver failure in dogs.
- Keep toxic chemicals, drugs, and plants out of your pet’s reach
- Get infectious diseases treated right away to prevent liver damage
- Feed your dog high-quality foods and treats
- Get your dog annual veterinary exams
- Ask for blood testing at yearly or semi-annual examinations
Pet parents can do their very best to keep toxic chemicals and plants away from their dogs. It is essential as some dogs are very playful and full of mischief. They just won’t keep their noses and mouths out of corners or places that they aren’t supposed to. Some dogs also like to chew anything that resembles food on the floor. Some toxic substances to look out for are any molds, blue-green algae, mushrooms, lilies, and ragwort. Some pet parents do not realize that lilies and mushrooms can sometimes be toxic to pets.
Getting infectious diseases treated right away may be able to prevent liver damage from ever happening. Certain infectious diseases that affect canines and damage their kidneys are leptospirosis and canine adenovirus. Leptospirosis is the infectious form of hepatitis in dogs. It is especially important to note that these infectious diseases can possibly be spread between dogs. If you have other pets in the home, it is especially important to get the infectious pet treated right away and perhaps keep them quarantined from the other dogs. As always, it is best to ask the advice of a veterinarian if this is a situation that you are dealing with presently.
Feeding your pet high-quality foods and treats is always ideal. It really can help them keep their entire body as healthy as possible. High-quality foods that are free of chemicals and pesticides are a great choice for pet parents worried about liver problems in dogs.
Regular veterinary exams are certainly quite vital to ensuring that your dog is as healthy as possible. Going to regular exams means that any potential liver disease in dogs can be caught as early as possible. Early diagnosis of liver cancer or other liver diseases can make a big difference in treatment options available and in possibly slowing the progression.
Asking for blood testing at annual vet visits is a wise choice. This is especially important if you suspect that your dog may have a liver condition or another health problem. Blood tests can detect any abnormalities in the blood that point to certain health conditions and alert the veterinarian so that they can make a diagnosis and create a suitable treatment plan.
If your veterinarian suspects that your dog has liver disease, they may order blood tests that consist of a CBC panel and biochemical panel
How To Get Liver Disease in Dogs Diagnosed
Finding out if your dog has liver disease will undoubtedly need to start with the veterinarian. A trusted vet that knows your pet will likely be the best place to go. This is because they are familiar with your dog and understand their past medical history well. The veterinarian will be looking for any noticeable issues such as a distended stomach, dehydration, jaundice, and other indicators of liver disease or liver failure in dogs. They may also try to feel around the liver area outside of the body to see if there is any enlargement or mass.
The vet will want to know about any strange behaviors or changes that you may have noticed. Make sure to let them know anything at all that you have seen that has been out of the ordinary. This helps veterinarians in their quest to pinpoint what could be wrong with your pet. It is essential to mention any changes in their stool or urine as it could help them in narrowing down the possible health problems. Behavioral changes should be mentioned as sometimes those are indicative of an underlying health problem.
If your veterinarian suspects that your dog has liver disease, they may order blood tests that consist of a CBC panel and biochemical panel. They will be checking your pet’s blood for substances and enzymes that could indicate a compromised liver function. Other things that they may do are give your dog an x-ray, a CT scan, or MRI. They may do a combination of these tests. It is also possible that they will request a liver biopsy. This is when they get a sample of liver tissue and submit it for histopathological examination and culture examination. The biopsy procedure is invasive, and your veterinarian should tell you about the risks and benefits of going through with this procedure for your pet.
How Is Liver Disease in Dogs Treated?
Liver disease in dogs is treated based upon their individual health, type of liver disease, and other contributing factors. Your trusted veterinarian will let you know what kind of treatment they require and what type of medications you may need to give them.
Medications For Dogs With Liver Disease
Types of medications that are used will vary on the liver disease being treated. For example, prescriptions that may be given to dogs with liver cancer would be different than a dog that has cirrhosis. Some common medicines prescribed are NSAIDs, steroids, and cancer-fighting drugs that are approved by the FDA.
Diets For Liver Problems in Dogs
Your veterinarian will likely prescribe diet changes. This is because liver disease can be progressive and the liver works to break down fats and carbohydrates. The less work that the liver has to do, the better it is for your dog. The diet given to your dog will likely depend on their form of liver tumor, liver cancer, or liver condition. A lot of times, the diet will consist of low-protein and high-quality food. This is to allow the liver to do less work overall and still enable the pet to have enough protein in the body to process biologically the way that they need to. It will be vital to try and prevent your dog from experiencing nausea. This is to ensure that they get adequate nutrition as their bodies try to heal.
Prognosis of Liver Disease in Dogs
The prognosis of liver disease in dogs will be on a case-by-case basis. It is not something that is the same to each pet.
The veterinarian will be the best source to gauge your dog’s particular prognosis. One of the top things that a pet parent can do is remain a constant source of affection and love in a dog’s life. It is not easy to watch your precious dog go through a painful or uncomfortable health situation. Liver cancer, liver tumors, chronic liver disease, and other issues are complex and require a lot of attention from both pet parents and their veterinarian. Make sure to follow the veterinarian’s instructions and do whatever you can to make them comfortable and happy as they deal with unpleasant treatments, symptoms, and issues in their illness.
One interesting thing about the liver is it is a very unique organ. Sometimes, it can recover far better than any pet parent or veterinarian ever imagined. The prognosis that your pet is given is not written in stone nor is it any type of guarantee. Some dogs that have liver cancer end up living out their full lives after successful treatment. All you can do is provide the love and support that your dog needs, follow the instructions of the veterinarian, and make sure to take any extra steps to make their lives a little easier!
Is There Anything Else I Can Do To Help My Dog With Liver Disease?
The well-being of your canine is super important to you. It is important to us here at Innovetpet, too! There are some natural options that you can give your dog that is going through kidney disease. Natural options are free of chemicals and pesticides and ensure that your pooch will not be getting sick from added chemicals. Pet parents may want to consider giving their pet CBD. This is because CBD is derived from hemp, is completely organic, and offers dogs healing benefits that can be quite powerful in increasing their quality of life.
CBD Oil For Dogs is an oil that is all-natural and has shown powerful benefits for health problems in dogs and cats that are free of side effects. Some of the benefits that have been proven in CBD are lessening of pain, treatment of nausea, lessening of inflammation, calming of anxiety, and much more. It can help pets that are dealing with painful symptoms of liver disease and without any concerns about side effects or getting high. There is no getting high with CBD oil as there is no THC. Your dog will simply be enjoying all of the benefits of the health-boosting ability of CBD.
Another option for dogs that like treats is CBD Hemp Dog Treats. These treats are available in a variety of flavors to please any pet. They are organic and all-natural and also allow your dog to enjoy something tasty in their diet that has absolutely zero added chemicals. It will enable them to enjoy the amazing benefits of CBD in the form of an organic treat that they will be able to eat and take pleasure in.
Is There Anything Else I Can Do For My Dog with Liver Disease?
All you can do is follow the advice of your veterinarian, look for ways to make their lives better, and just enjoy the time that you have with them. Dogs with liver disease may live a long number of years, and it is important just to enjoy your pet every single day and not worry constantly about what may happen tomorrow. Focus on living in the moment and make every day as good as you can for both yourself and your beloved dog.
How Can CBD Oil Help Treat Dogs with Liver Issues
Many dogs will experience liver issues during their lifetime. Liver problems are common in dogs so every pet owner should be aware of and understand the symptoms of liver failure. Being cognizant of this will prevent potential liver issues down the road.
Recently, CBD oil has become very popular. Many dog owners are starting to learn how CBD oil can treat their dogs with liver issues and act as a great supplement. In this blog, we’ll touch on liver function and how CBD oil can help dogs with liver issues.
The second-largest organ in the dog’s body is the liver. The first largest is the skin. The liver plays a key role in metabolism and filters out toxins and waste found in medications and foods.
It is responsible for over 1500 different biological processes including:
- Creating bile to aid digestion and break down fats
- Metabolizing minerals, vitamins, carbohydrates, protein, and fat
- Filtering the blood
- Regulating blood levels of amino acids
- Producing proteins that are responsible for blood clotting
- Storing iron that’s used in the hemoglobin process
- Filtering bacteria from the bloodstream to fight infections
When a dog has liver disease, its liver is compromised so it doesn’t function properly. It may have trouble performing some or all of the biological processes. This can negatively impact the dog’s health and quality of life.
There are different types of liver disease in dogs. For instance, liver tumors can put pressure on the liver and surrounding organs in your dog’s body. Some dogs may have a bile duct obstruction in which the tubes that carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder get blocked.
Other dogs may have a liver shunt or portosystemic shunt. The blood from the spleen, pancreas, intestines, and stomach bypass the liver so the blood is not properly detoxified.
Symptoms of Canine Liver Disease
Depending on the type of liver disease your dog is experiencing, the symptoms will vary. Visiting your dog’s vet regularly is crucial. During these visits, have the vet test your dog’s blood and thoroughly examine the body.
Being aware of these symptoms and getting regular exams is important to prevent putting your dog to sleep early as often times you may not initially see any symptoms. By the time you notice it, the liver disease may have progressed far enough to late stages that it will be too late to treat your dog. Thus, early detection is key.
If you see any yellowing in your dog’s eyes, skin, tongue, or mucous membranes, it may be a sign that your dog’s liver may not be functioning normally. Other symptoms of dog liver issues include:
- Loss of appetite
- Swollen abdomen
- Lethargic or low energy
- Unsteady gait or loss of balance
Top 3 Daily Exposures That Can Lead to Liver Issues in Dogs
Dogs live in the same environment as humans. Because of that, they are exposed to the same chemicals humans are exposed to, which can affect their liver health.
Below we will discuss three primary exposures that can compromise your dog’s liver health and function.
If you’re feeding your dog commercial dog food, you may not be aware that they are often contaminated with a toxin called aflatoxins. Aflatoxins are produced by certain fungi found in agricultural crops such as tree nuts, corn, peanuts, and cottonseed.
Eating commercial pet food can contribute to poor health in dogs. The aflatoxins can not be killed in high temperatures so even if you heat up the pet food, the toxin is still in there.
When the aflatoxins enter the body, it binds with your dog’s DNA and causes cell mutations. Constant consumption of aflatoxins has been linked to an increased risk of liver cancer. No matter if the commercial pet food is cheap or premium quality, they contain aflatoxins.
The plants in our backyard or in our neighbor’s front yard may be toxic to our dogs. When our dogs head out for their daily walks to do their business, it’s natural for them to sniff around and even chew on plants that they see.
For example, many pet owners grow aloe vera in their backyard or patio. Although aloe is considered a medicinal plant for humans, its level of toxicity is considered mild to moderate for dogs. Other plants that are considered toxic to dogs are autumn crocus, begonia, castor bean, daffodil, lilies, sago palm, and tomato leaves.
Many dogs naturally lie on the floor, on the furniture, bathe in the bathtub and even counter surf. Pet owners frequently clean their floor or bathtub with household cleaning products that contain highly toxic ingredients.
For instance, bleach or chlorine is very dangerous for dogs. Bleach can be found in toilet bowl cleaners, dishwashing detergent, and laundry detergent. If dogs swallow it, the bleach can burn the inside of their mouth or throat, causing them to vomit and have seizures.
Not only are dogs breathing in the toxins, but they are also absorbing them through their skin when lying on the floor or through their paw pads when they’re walking around the house. Constant exposure to many household cleaning products can cause liver damage and poisoning.
How can CBD Oil Help Treat Liver Issues in Dogs
If your dog has liver issues, CBD oil can help improve its life. You can use CBD oil as nutritional supplements, in diet, and under veterinary supervision.
Pet owners should not overlook CBD oil as a treatment option because it provides huge potential benefits for dogs with liver issues. The CBD oil helps manage liver damage and improve the symptoms associated with liver issues.
The dog’s body has an endocannabinoid system in which the cannabinoid receptors help to manage their health and wellness. When dogs take CBD oil, it helps their body regulate their own cannabinoids.
Many vets will also prescribe high-quality CBD oil that is carefully sourced, organically grown, and carefully tested for dogs with liver disease.
There are many positive benefits of CBD oil. It can reduce the inflammation that is damaging the liver and help manage liver damage and symptoms.
Here is a list of benefits from taking CBD oil:
- Alleviate symptoms including diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, vertigo
- Maintain a healthy appetite especially if your dog is losing appetite
- Better sleep
- Reduce pain and inflammation
- Prevent or slow down tumor growth
- No harmful side effects
- Easy to metabolized
- Reduce or prevent seizures
- Improve your dog’s mood and physical balance
- Boost your dog’s energy level
- Alleviate digestive issues
- Provide nutrients
By taking CBD oil, your dog will feel more comfortable and start to enjoy his life again. His quality of life will improve significantly after taking CBD oil.
When Not To Use CBD Oil for Dogs with Liver Disease
While there are no side effects for dogs taking CBD oil, it’s a good idea to avoid taking very large doses of CBD. This can cause diarrhea and a change in appetite.
There are two cases when you should not use CBD oil to treat liver disease. The first is when your dog has congenital liver shunts. The second is when your dog is on pharmaceuticals. CBD can interfere with the medication that your vet prescribed.
4 Types of CBD Oil for Dogs with Liver Disease
The good news is that there are four types of CBD oil available for dogs with liver disease. If one of them doesn’t work for your dog, the others may.
With capsules, you can put it in the dog’s food or directly into their mouth. Your dog won’t taste it and it is easier to get them to have it.
When it comes to extract concentrates, the amount of dosage varies depending on your dog’s size and the stage of the disease they are in. Ask your vet for the appropriate dosage amount.
Oil tinctures come with either a sprayer or dropper. This way the oil is applied directly to the dog’s mouth or into their food. Fortunately, it is flavored so your dog doesn’t taste the hemp flavor.
Treats are fun so you can replace your dog’s current treat with CBD treats. Make sure to check the ingredients first before you give these treats to your dog.
Important Facts About Liver Disease in Dogs
Liver problems are a pretty common issue for dogs, so it is wise as a dog owner to understand what to look for and how to keep your dog’s liver function healthy. Sometimes it is even necessary to take proactive measures to protect some dogs’ livers. This post will explain everything about liver disease in dogs, including how CBD Oil can help.
What a Dog’s Liver Does
While not spoken about much, the liver is the largest organ of a dog’s body after their skin and it is incredibly important in helping their body function normally. It performs more than 1,000 crucial bodily functions impacting the blood clotting, nutrient management, toxin elimination, hormones, metabolism, and more.
Poor liver health is also much more common than most dog owners realize. Liver disease in dogs is one of the top five causes of non-accidental death in dogs of any age and one of the top four causes of death in older dogs.
Where is A Dog’s Liver Located
It’s natural to wonder this when thinking about the liver and potential problems with it. A dog’s liver is located in the center of the abdomen between their lungs and stomach. Kind of like the center of the dog’s belly, working toward the front half of the dog.
Liver Problems in Dogs
There are many liver disorders that can go wrong with a dog; acute liver failure, infectious canine hepatitis, endocrine diseases, liver cancer and many more. Most occur later in the dog’s life, but some can occur at any time and some occur at birth.
In this post, we’ll discuss most of the causes as well as the symptoms and treatment options for them.
What is Liver Damage in Dogs?
The liver becomes damaged before it becomes diseased, similar to how gingivitis left untreated becomes periodontal disease.
The problem is that liver damage has vague symptoms and an underlying cause that doesn’t seem obviously connected to the liver. Blood tests and testing liver tissue are needed for a definitive diagnosis of the most common liver disorders.
Symptoms of liver damage in dogs include:
- loss of appetite
- unexplained weight loss
- darker urine
- poor coat quality
- hair loss
- brittle, weakened, or infected nails
- irritability and/or aggression
- generally seeming unwell
As you can see, most pet parents would get concerned about their dog when displaying these symptoms, but we probably wouldn’t think about their liver unless we knew to do so.
It is very important to be aware of this potential because catching liver damage before liver failure occurs in dogs makes a tremendous difference in the chances of recovery.
Investigate these symptoms to determine their cause, and be proactive about your dog’s liver health before they show these symptoms or as soon as you notice the symptoms.
What is Liver Disease and Chronic Liver Disease in Dogs?
Liver disease in dogs can be an acute disease brought on by poisoning or a chronic disease brought on by a vast array of factors like copper storage or another kidney disease like diabetes. No matter the cause, they all mean the same thing, the dog’s liver function is unwell.
The reason for the liver disease does impact how quickly the symptoms appear, so do not rule out liver disease in dogs because symptoms are either sudden or gradual. Both situations can happen with liver disease, depending on its cause.
Chronic Liver Disease in Dogs is not the same as Chronic Liver Failure. It’s a chronic, progressive disease that can lead to complete failure of the liver and death if left untreated or improperly managed.
What are some signs of Chronic Liver Disease?
Some symptoms may be yellowing eyes, vomiting bile acids-stained vomit, abdominal pain caused by enlarged livers pressing on other organs such as kidneys or intestines; occasionally bloating due to fluid accumulation secondary to hepatomegaly (enlarged liver).
Symptoms of liver disease in dogs include:
- jaundice, yellowing of skin, gums, and eyes
- blood in pee
- blood in poop
- increased urination
- increased thirst
- fluid retention and swelling in the abdomen
- lack of coordination
It is imperative to have liver disease diagnosed as quickly as possible. The disease ravages the body, damaging other bodily functions even up until 80% of the liver is damaged. This means your dog still maintains some appearance of health while the disease is growing ever more difficult to treat, eventually impossibly to do so. Do not wait until your dog appears seriously ill to have them checked for liver disease.
What Causes Canine Liver Disease and Damage?
There are many causes of liver damage and disease. Below we have listed and discussed some of the main factors in liver diseases.
Dogs are more likely to develop liver damage as they age. Like any other organ, it both starts to function less optimally over time and has had time to suffer from damaging things that have happened to it.
Prescribed medications can cause liver damage because they have to be processed by the liver. Medications contain chemicals that the dog’s liver must filter out like it does toxins, if the amount that passes through is larger than the dog’s liver can handle, it can cause damage and disease. This should not be a problem unless the dog is taking a very large dose of medication, has been placed on a medication for a very long time, or there is already something wrong with the dog’s liver, and your vet should discuss risks versus benefits for either of these situations.
Medications containing the most chemicals that may eventually damage the liver are flea and tick, deworming, vaccinations, and painkilling medications.
Lead, iron, salt, copper, mercury, phosphorus, cleaning supplies, poisons, insect bites and stings, mold, toxic foods, and toxic plants can lead to acute or chronic liver damage depending on the quantities ingested and the number of ingestions. Genetically predisposed dogs will be more at risk with these factors so pet owners should always be aware of their breeds genetic make up if possible.
If the dog’s body retains too much copper, it will collect in the liver and cause damage and eventually disease. Some breeds like German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Labrador Retrievers, Poodles, and Yorkshire Terriers have an increased likelihood of developing copper storage disease.
Fatty Liver Disease
Toy breeds and small breed dogs are prone to developing fatty liver disease where triglycerides build up in the dog’s liver and lead to damage and disease. IT’s a good idea to monitor your dog’s diet in this situation.
There are some genes that do not breed-specific that cause a blood flow issue impacting the liver and leading to damage and disease.
A dog with diabetes, heartworms, heart disease, pancreatic diseases, or viral and a bacterial infection can develop a damaged and diseased liver. It is important to be on the alert for liver issues, have routine checkups, and be proactive regarding liver health if you have a dog with any of these conditions or diseases.
What is Liver Failure?
If liver disease progresses far enough, it will become irreversibly fatal. At this point, it becomes a matter of quality of life. Liver failure can also come on quickly, such as after a dog ingests a sizeable amount of poison.
Symptoms of liver failure are the same as the ones for liver disease, but they are more pronounced. The dog may end up in a coma at this point.
Stages of Liver Failure in Dogs
Licensed veterinarians grade liver failure in stages, similar to how they do cancer.
The first stage is liver damage and it involves inflammation. The liver is being attacked and is trying to heal itself.
The second stage of liver disease occurs when inflammation has persisted long enough to cause the liver to harden and develop scars. This can be reversible if treatment is begun soon enough.
The third stage of liver disease involves permanent scarring. Treatment at this time consists of trying to preserve the health of the rest of the liver.
The fourth stage is liver failure and this is pretty much end stage liver disease. The liver no longer functions as it should and cannot be healed enough to maintain the health of the dog. Treatments involve maintaining comfort and quality of life for as long as possible.
How to Know Your Dog has Liver Damage or Liver Disease?
Diagnosis of liver disease consists of several potential steps.
The licensed veterinarian will observe the dog, looking for a distended abdomen, gastrointestinal signs, neurologic signs, jaundice, issues with the skin or coat, pale mucous membranes, signs of dehydration, lack of coordination, weight loss and lethargy.
If these symptoms and indications are present, they will move on to a blood test, a complete blood count, then test their bile and urine, and afterwards a biopsy may be needed.
Imaging may be needed to determine if any scarring is present.
How to Treat Liver Damage and Liver Disease
Prevention is the best treatment if you still have the opportunity.
Limit the dog’s exposure to chemicals and toxins like toxic foods and plants, cleaning products, pesticides, etc.
Avoid fatty foods and foods containing toxins, like some human foods.
Educate yourself on vaccinations and medications that are prescribed for your dog. Ensure that your vet is not overprescribing either and is taking into account the risks versus the benefits of the medication. Medications can be a life-saver for your dog, but they can also make them sick, so do not automatically assume all medications are good or bad for your dog. To protect your dog by double-checking the information and weighing out the situation yourself.
Take your dog to yearly checkups. This is particularly important for dogs that are more likely to develop liver disease.
Once liver damage or liver disease has been discovered, treatment may consist of:
- fluids, electrolytes, and oxygen for acute liver disease
- liver medications
- SAM-E or milk thistle
- changing diet to one higher in vitamins and minerals
- treatment of another condition causing the liver damage
CBD Oil for Canine Liver Disease and Liver Failure
CBD oil could help manage liver damage, and studies show it can also improve the symptoms associated with liver disease and liver failure.
CBD is cannabidiol, a hemp-derived cannabinoid that helps a dog’s body regulate its own cannabinoids. Yes, scientists have discovered that humans and dogs have an endocannabinoid system, cannabinoid receptors all over the body, that play a huge part in managing health and wellness. External cannabinoids like cannabidiol jump start the body’s ability to do what it is already supposed to be doing but may be struggling at.
The many benefits of CBD is dazzling scientists with its ability to impact a broad spectrum of health aspects, some of which may be a huge benefit to your dog with liver disease or an increased risk of developing liver disease.
CBD oil studies show that it is a powerful anti-inflammatory and since inflammation is what damages the liver, you can see how using CBD oil could be beneficial to managing liver damage and its symptoms.
CBD may also:
- alleviate pain
- improve mood
- reduce stress
- boost energy
- soothe digestive issues
- provide nutrients
- help dogs sleep with higher doses
- prevent and lessen seizures
- improve balance
While undergoing treatments for liver disease, or dealing with a failed liver, CBD can improve the dog’s life, easing symptoms that make treatments less effective and making them feel better.
Are there downsides to using CBD oil for liver failure in dogs?
CBD comes from the cannabis family, and it may share many health benefits with marijuana, but it does not contain THC, so you don’t have to worry about your dog being “high.” Minimal, if any.
CBD is not a healthy hammer, whopping a dog’s body with feel good benefits and then leaving them to crash. It manages and regulates functions that help the dog’s body maintain its own health.
There are virtually no side effects. If the dog takes a very large dose of CBD, they may experience diarrhea, changes in appetite, or sedation. That’s a far safer sounding list of side effects than most prescription medications can offer.
CBD is not tried and true like traditional medications. The science is still new regarding it, and while it does show great promise and even veterinarians consider it a worthy secondary or primary treatment in many cases, you don’t want to rule out the possibility that another route may prove necessary. CBD is best used when other treatments are proven ineffective, the side effects of traditional treatment are threatening its success, or a disease has gone too far to be treated with conventional means.
Using CBD Oil
There are several types of CBD oil you can purchase for your dog with liver disease:
- oil tinctures
- extract concentrates
CBD Oil tinctures come with a dropper or sprayer so the oil can be applied directly to the dog’s mouth or to their food. It is often flavored to mask the distinctive and often off-putting taste of hemp.
CBD Capsules avoid the whole taste issue and can be easier to get into some dogs. They should contain only CBD oil and what ingredients are necessary to turn it into a capsule. CBD Extract concentrates contain nothing but CBD oil and can be applied to the dog’s mouth or their food. These are the most cost-effective option and guaranteed to be free of any weird ingredients, but they may be harder to get into a dog because of the taste.
Hemp Dog Treats are the easiest delivery method for CBD as treats are fun. You can add these to your pet’s diet or replace a current treat with them. Check the ingredients list for fat, copper, or any other substance a dog shouldn’t have for liver concerns. They shouldn’t be in there, but it’s wise to look.
Dosing CBD for pets instructions come on the package of the CBD product and will be based on the dog’s size. Very small, large, young, old, or sick dogs may have special dosing requirements. It is wise to consult your veterinarian to discuss CBD use so they can help you determine the exact dosages for your individual dog and so they’ll know the dog is taking CBD should it impact their treatments.
Purchasing CBD Oil
There are certain things you should look for when purchasing CBD oil.
Full-spectrum versus CBD isolate
Both of these types of CBD are quite good, but you should know which one you are buying because some people find that one works better than the other for their unique situation and you need to know which ones do work for your dog so you can buy it again.
CBD isolate is just CBD, while full-spectrum is CBD with other cannabinoids, terpenes, and nutrients found in the hemp plant. Full-spectrum is actually the most popular option and may be the best one to choose for your dog with liver disease as it also contains additional nutrients. Should full-spectrum let you down, don’t give up on CBD altogether. You may find that CBD isolate works for your dog.
Tragically, all CBD products are not legitimate. Some manufacturers sell CBD products that do not contain enough CBD or any CBD at all! This is why reputable CBD manufacturers supply their third-party lab test results to prove they are offering what they say they’re offering.
Choose manufacturers who say they used the CO2 extraction method as this is the safest and purest one.
Look for CBD products with only necessary, safe, and natural ingredients. Organic is best. As mentioned in the treat section, take special precautions to check for ingredients that may be harmful to the liver.
Innovations from Innovet
Innovet started out making CBD products to help dogs manage hard-to-treat ailments, and we know that means unique challenges. If your dog has a specific need not met by current CBD products, please contact us so we can try to find a solution for your dog.
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, St. Georges University
Sara Redding Ochoa, DVM was raised in north Louisiana. She graduated from LA Tech in 2011 with a degree in animal science. She then moved to Grenada West Indies for veterinary school. She completed her clinical year at Louisiana State University and graduated in 2015 from St. George’s University. Since veterinary school, she has been working at a small animal and exotic veterinary clinic in east Texas, where she has experience treating all species that walk in the hospital. In her free time, she likes to travel with her husband Greg, bake yummy desserts and spend time with her 4-legged fur kids, a dog Ruby, a cat Oliver James “OJ”, a rabbit BamBam and a tortoise MonkeyMan.
Thanks for stopping by!
P.S. We Love You!
The Innovet Team
Please do not ask for emergency or specific medical questions about your pets in the comments . Innovet Pet Products is unable to provide you with specific medical advice or counseling. A detailed physical exam, patient history, and an established veterinarian are required to provide specific medical advice. If you are worried that your pet requires emergency attention or if you have specific medical questions related to your pet’s current or chronic health conditions, please contact or visit your local/preferred veterinarian, an animal-specific poison control hotline, or your local emergency veterinary care center.
Please share your experiences and stories, your opinions and feedback about this blog, or what you’ve learned that you’d like to share with others.
Due to liability issues, we can not provide advice when it comes to medications or prescriptions. Our customers use our product for many different things along with other medications. So many that, it is hard for us to keep track of. We created a Facebook group for our customers to discuss what they use our product for, what works and what doesn’t, etc. It is called Innovet Pet Talk & Support: CBD for Dogs, Cats, & More. Perhaps you can find more information there
For additional help in managing your pet’s specific medical condition – whether with CBD or not – we advise you to consult only with a licensed veterinarian for medical advice.
My Yorkie name is Bailey and he has a liver problem and he takes medication for it, and it’s really costing me a lot of money to keep him healthy and Happy, his weight is 8.96 pounds and he takes the medication called DENAMARIN, it costs me $32.00 Dollars each month and I am afraid that I can’t keep on helping with his medication, it’s so expensive. Please tell me what I should do. PLEASE.
**Review Disclaimer: In accordance with FDA/FTC regulations regarding product/advertising claims and to ensure full transparency to the public testimonials displayed on innovetpet.com are given verbatim as we do not have the ability to change any reviews made by customers. Testimonials appearing on this site are actually received online and are processed through YOTPO – the leading independent review auditor. These are individual experiences of real-life people who have administered our products to their pets. However, they are individual results and results do vary. The testimonials are not necessarily representative of all of those who will use our products and/or services. Innovetpet.com is not a forum for testimonials, however, we do provide testimonials as a means for customers to share their experiences with each other. Innovet Pet does not necessarily share the opinions, views, or commentary of any testimonials on this site specifically because such views are strictly the views of the reviewer.
Additionally, these testimonials are not intended to make or imply claims that these products can be used to diagnose, treat, cure, mitigate, or prevent any disease. Statements within these testimonials have not been clinically reviewed or evaluated by the FDA. Please consult your veterinarian about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product. The information on our website is intended to inform the public in the most honest and transparent way possible.