If you’ve been arrested with CBD oil in Ohio, contact us at Gounaris Abboud, LPA. Our experienced attorneys can help you fight criminal charges. CBD laws vary across the nation, and states are changing their stance on hemp and CBD every day. It can be difficult to keep up, especially in states that have been hesitant to reconstruct cannabis laws, like Ohio. Is CBD legal in Ohio? Or is it only accessible through the state's limited medical program? Surprisingly,
Is CBD Oil Legal in Ohio?
Long Answer: For CBD oil to be legal in Ohio, It must come from a legal source of CBD.
The federal government exempted industrial hemp from its definition of marijuana in the 2018 Farm Bill.
Therefore, CBD oil made by a hemp manufacturer licensed in a state with an approved regulatory program is legal.
However, the federal government has not yet approved the use of CBD in any dietary supplement or food. The Ohio legislature created its legal hemp program in 2019.
As part of the program, Ohio legalized CBD and cosmetics, personal care products, dietary supplements, and food made from hemp.
Under either rule, “hemp” means the plant Cannabis sativa L (cannabis) that tests below a 0.3% total delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentration.
THC is the psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant. If the plant tests higher than 0.3% THC, it is marijuana. Marijuana remains a Schedule I drug under federal and state law.
The Ohio Bureau of Criminal Investigation’s crime labs can test and distinguish between hemp and marijuana. Private labs can also distinguish between legal and illegal plants and products.
If you’ve been arrested with CBD oil in Ohio, don’t hesitate to contact us at Gounaris Abboud, LPA. Our experienced criminal defense attorneys understand the legal distinctions and can help you fight any criminal charges you may face.
What Is CBD Oil?
“Cannabidiol,” known as CBD, is one of many chemical compounds (called phytocannabinoids) found in the cannabis plant. Both THC and CBD naturally occur in the cannabis plant.
Licensed hemp farmers use varieties of the cannabis plant that will develop up to 40% CBD and less than 0.03% THC. Unlike THC, CBD is non-intoxicating.
To make CBD oil, the manufacturer extracts the CBD from the cannabis flower using a mechanical or solvent-based extraction process, similar to making essential oils.
Then the manufacturer adds the CBD extract to a carrier oil, such as grapeseed or hempseed oil. Before a store can sell CBD oil, the manufacturer must test it for both CBD and THC concentrations.
Additionally, if sold in Ohio, it must meet Ohio’s food safety standards.
Is CBD Oil Legal Under Federal Law?
Since 1970, the federal government has outlawed possession of marijuana. The federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) defines marijuana as all parts of the cannabis plant, whether growing or not.
The Act placed it in the most restrictive class, Schedule I. According to the CSA, Schedule I drugs have a “high potential for abuse” and “no currently accepted medical use.”
Starting in 2014, Congress decided to exclude “hemp” from the definition of marijuana. With the 2018 Farm Bill, it created a national industrial hemp program.
Under the Bill, State Departments of Agriculture could create their own hemp regulations to submit for federal approval or follow a USDA-created plan.
Hemp grown under an approved program by a licensed farmer became legal. However, cannabis plants that contain more than a trace amount (0.03%) of THC and products made from them remain Schedule I drugs.
In addition, the Bill gave the FDA authority over hemp and CBD products. The FDA regulates the safety of food and drugs sold in the U.S. To date, the FDA has approved only one CBD product, a prescription drug Epidiolex used for rare, severe disorders.
CBD Oil Is Not Illegal in Ohio: Senate Bill 57
In 2018, the Ohio governor approved a bill (SB 57) to decriminalize hemp and license hemp cultivation. SB 57 made it legal to possess and use hemp products containing less than 0.3% THC in Ohio.
This includes CBD oil. In addition, SB 57 legalized sales of CBD oil in stores outside of medical marijuana dispensaries. Finally, the law requires labels on hemp products that say they contain less than 0.03% THC.
Initially, the Ohio attorney general stopped prosecuting marijuana cases. The state’s crime labs could not tell the difference between the newly legal hemp and illegal marijuana.
SB 57 allocated $968,000 to the attorney general’s office to develop testing. Within a year, the Bureau of Criminal Investigation finished creating its testing protocol, and prosecutions resumed.
Despite the lab’s capabilities, they commonly experience testing delays, putting off prosecution for months or even years.
Were You Arrested With CBD Oil in Ohio?
Police officers cannot tell the difference between hemp and marijuana by sight alone. They are legally allowed to search for marijuana if they smell or observe what they think is marijuana.
They can arrest you if they have probable cause to believe that you possess illegal marijuana.
Unless your CBD oil is correctly labeled under Ohio’s hemp laws or you have proof of being a medical marijuana patient, the only way to prove your compliance with the law is through laboratory testing.
If you’ve been arrested for possessing CBD oil in Ohio, we can help. When you contact our firm, an experienced drug crime defense attorney will help you navigate through the legal system.
Our firm has achieved dismissals and penalty reductions for hundreds of people. Together, our award-winning attorneys have over 50 years of experience to use in your defense.
Our clients have called us trustworthy, empathetic, honest, and supportive, and we’ll be there for you throughout the legal process. Contact us today for a free case analysis at 937-222-1515.
Nick Gounaris attended Miami University and received a Bachelor of Arts degree and then went on to attend
University of Dayton School of Law where he received his Juris Doctorate. In 2011, Mr. Gounaris was awarded a 10.0 “Superb” rating by Avvo, which is an attorney rating website recognized around the nation. He provides clients of the firm with competent legal representation and focuses his law practice in the areas of DUI Defense, Criminal Defense, Family Law Issues, Federal Criminal Law and Personal Injury cases.
Is CBD Legal in Ohio?
CBD laws vary across the nation, and states are changing their stance on hemp and CBD every day.
It can be difficult to keep up, especially in states that have been hesitant to reconstruct cannabis laws, like Ohio.
Is CBD legal in Ohio? Or is it only accessible through the state’s limited medical program?
Surprisingly, Ohio CBD laws are some of the most lenient in the nation. That means that CBD is incredibly accessible, but it may not be well regulated for quality.
Before you buy, here’s what you need to know:
Disclaimer: We’re always working to stay informed on the latest CBD laws and research. However, state laws are subject to change and we advise that you do your own research to verify the information you find in this article. This is not intended as legal advice.
- Ohio has very lenient CBD laws, allowing the cannabinoid to be used to make food, drinks, dietary supplements, topicals, cosmetics, and more.
- There is no minimum age for buying CBD and you do not need a prescription to access it. However, vendors can set their own rules for buying CBD and may not be willing to sell to those under the age of 21.
- Along with these lax regulations comes a certain level of risk. The state does not impose stringent testing or safety measures.
- In order to ensure that the products you choose are safe and potent, you may consider shopping online. Many online CBD brands ship legal CBD products to Ohio to buyers aged 18 and up.
Legal Concerns About CBD
It’s true that CBD gained its federal legal status in 2018. The Hemp Farming Act effectively removed industrial hemp and its natural derivatives (like cannabinoids) from the Controlled Substances Act.
But there’s a catch, and it complicates things:
Legal CBD products must come from industrial hemp.
This classification is designated to hemp material that meets a strict set of standards. The most significant is that it contains less than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis. If CBD products are made from any cannabis strain that contains more than 0.3% THC, it is not a federally legal product.
The final product must contain less than 0.3% THC, too.
That means that even if a brand starts with legal hemp material, they need to carry out careful manufacturing procedures to produce a legal end product. It’s possible for certain cannabinoids to be “concentrated” during the extraction process, leading to higher THC concentrations than in the original material. Proper manufacturing and careful testing need to be employed to avoid this issue.
Because there is very little regulation in the CBD industry, it’s important to evaluate a brand carefully before you buy. It can be hard to tell if a CBD product is made from a legal hemp source and meets the federal guidelines for legal hemp products. The best way to ensure that your CBD products are legal is by checking the third-party lab tests for cannabinoid potency.
Of course, these regulations only apply on a federal scale. You must also ensure that your products meet the standards laid out by federal guidelines and those set by your state.
What are the CBD laws in Ohio?
Ohio has some of the more lenient CBD regulations when compared to other states that have enacted a hemp agriculture plan, like Minnesota or Alabama.
After the 2018 Farm Bill passed into law, Ohio passed SB 57, a bill that removed hemp from the state’s controlled substance lists and implemented a program to license hemp growers and support hemp as a marketable good. The bill made a clear distinction between hemp and cannabis in the state — hemp is cannabis material containing less than 0.3% THC.
Finally, the bill gave authority over the new hemp program to the state’s Department of Agriculture. Although some states have taken a more restricted approach (like New Hampshire, where CBD edibles are prohibited), Ohio has virtually no restrictions on the types of products that can be made from hemp. CBD can legally be used to make dietary supplements, cosmetics, topicals, food items, and more.
The state imposes some regulations on hemp growers, mostly regarding the plant material’s THC content. There are virtually no regulations placed on producers and vendors in the state, so it’s important to carefully research local CBD products before you buy.
Is full spectrum CBD legal in Ohio?
It’s easy to assume that CBD isolate is legal in many places since it contains no THC, but many consumers are worried that the trace amounts of THC found in full-spectrum CBD products may cause trouble in states where cannabis is illegal. Luckily, Ohio has no laws restricting full spectrum CBD products that contain 0.3% THC or less.
Is it legal to smoke CBD in Ohio?
Ohio has no restrictions against growing, selling, or possessing CBD hemp flower. Smokable hemp flower is a legal consumable in the state of Ohio.
Does Ohio have a CBD possession limit?
In line with their relaxed CBD laws, there is no possession limit for legal CBD products in the state of Ohio. Products that contain more than 0.3% THC are considered cannabis products and can only be accessed as part of the state’s medical cannabis program. These products may be subject to different possession laws.
Can doctors prescribe CBD in Ohio?
You do not need a prescription to access hemp CBD products in Ohio. In fact, doctors typically cannot “prescribe” CBD products that are sold over the counter, rather they may “recommend” them. Even in states where medical marijuana is legal, like Ohio, access usually requires a doctor’s recommendation, not a prescription.
CBD is still new, and only one CBD product has been approved by the FDA to date. This product, GW Pharmaceuticals’ Epidiolex, is designed to treat rare forms of childhood epilepsy. Aside from this product (which comes with stringent usage guidelines), many doctors are still learning about CBD. If you’re interested in the benefits of CBD, you may need to spark a conversation with your doctor.
Where to buy CBD in Ohio?
Thanks to the “free market” hemp industry created by Ohio hemp laws, you can buy many different types of CBD products in stores across the state. You may find CBD in grocery markets, convenience stores, and online
While Ohio’s lax regulations make it easy to find CBD, they don’t do much to protect against poor quality formulations and contaminants. This lack of regulation can put consumers at risk.
Buying CBD online is a suitable option for most consumers. When you buy CBD online directly from the brand, you get better oversight of the brand’s manufacturing practices. Looking at the brand’s hemp source and lab testing procedures can help ensure that the CBD products you choose are clean, potent, and meet legal guidelines.
Buying CBD directly from a brand instead of from a third-party market may also be less costly since you won’t have to pay the extra fees that are often tacked on by the middle man. Of course, premium CBD can be expensive to manufacture, so you should also be wary of products that offer low-ball prices.
Finally, buying CBD online may be the best way to access many different types of CBD. The most common type of CBD product is an oil tincture, but you can find a variety of CBD edibles, topicals, and other specialty products when you shop online.
For more information on how to find high-quality CBD products, check out our CBD Buyer’s Guide.
Can you buy CBD at 18 in Ohio?
In theory, CBD should be accessible to people of all ages, especially since it gained popularity as a treatment for various childhood illnesses. Of course, some products may not be suitable for people of all ages, like smokable hemp flower or CBD vaporizers.
Still, the legal age to buy CBD is unclear, often on both the state and federal level. Although there are no statewide laws in Ohio that impact purchasing age, laws may vary by the local jurisdiction, but generally, the minimum age for purchase is decided by the vendor. The legal age for buying tobacco has been increased to 21, and it’s possible that most CBD vendors will require buyers to meet this minimum age requirement as well.
Many CBD brands allow customers who are 18 or older to order online and will ship legal CBD products to Ohio.
Is CBD legal in all 50 states?
Thanks to federal updates, CBD has the potential to be legal in every U.S. state. CBD is legal in Ohio, but every state has different regulations regarding the manufacture and sale of CBD. Click here to find out where CBD is legal.